EYFS statement for History
In the Early Years Foundation Stage children begin to learn that as they grow up they are increasingly able to do more things for themselves independently. This emerging knowledge and understanding can be used to explore crucial early historical skills. Foundation Stage history is part of the national curriculum’s learning objectives for developing children's understanding of the world, so they will learn through experiences that introduce the concept of time and change.
Many children within the EYFS will have younger and/or older siblings who they will see being involved in activities at a different level. This can be used to extend the children’s learning and understanding of themselves and the world around them. By the time children are in Reception, they will be increasingly aware of the changes in routines during different times of the day and seasons of the year. These changes in times have an impact on what activities they can do (sleep, eat, play, home, holidays etc) as well as what they wear and what they celebrate.
The children within EYFS will explore patterns and routines and will be given opportunities to take part in events to celebrate time, like anniversaries. The children will be encouraged to record their findings by drawing or writing.
Library trip (looking at how some buildings look older than others)
The children enjoyed the trip to the library.
“The bus bit was going on the minibus and singing songs.”
“I saw my house.”
“I saw the park.”
“The library is near my house.”
Discussion of events that occur regularly, for example seasonal patterns, daily routines and celebrations e.g. Bonfire Night, Diwali, Remembrance Day, Christmas, International Talk like a Pirate Day .
“I went to the park to see them with my mum and dad. They were colourful.“ Sophia
“Fireworks are dangerous. They can burn you.” Zhi Hang
Penelope enjoyed helping decorate our reception class Christmas tree. She chose the decorations that she liked. “My favourite decoration on my tree is the silver rose. I helped my mummy with our tree. We listened to Jingle Bells” she said.
We were asked to make a poppy to remember the soldiers who died at war as part of our Remembrance Day work. All the poppies were stuck together to create a tribute to those who died. We remembered how brave the soldiers were.
“My grandad is in heaven. He died in the war.” Thomas
International Talk like a Pirate Day
This light-hearted holiday started 20 years ago in the USA. It’s now held worldwide and even Barack Obama has tweeted about it! I know what you’re thinking; why would sensible people around the world want to talk like sea dogs? It could be that they were rule-breaking rebels (like us) or we get excited by the idea of finding buried treasure (like Mrs O’Neill).
What did we do?
We grabbed ourselves an eye patch, bandana, baggy shirt and a little toy parrot. Mrs O’Neill said we could use awful grammar and use our pirate accent. We also had a pirate-themed birthday party as we have enjoyed reading the book, Captain Beastlies Pirate Party, we walked the plank and used our homemade treasure maps to find gold.
Construction (looking at how some buildings look older than others and recreating them)
“Big Ben is a clock.” This morning, while we were watching Newsround we saw an image of Big Ben and discussed it. Christina used the construction equipment to build it.
Developing a sense of change over time and to differentiate between past and present by looking at photographs of their life eg photos of families and baptism.
We have been looking at how much we have changed and grown since we started in Reception. looked at how tall we are now, how our hair has grown, how our hands and feet are bigger and how good we are at our work now compared to how we were in September. represented these changes in drawings of ourselves and compared these drawings to the drawings we completed in September. added our drawings to our ‘We are Reception’ display.
“This is like when I was a baby. My mummy showed me a picture of when this happened to me.” Rosie
Use language relating to time in conversations, for example, ‘yesterday', ‘old', ‘past', ‘now' and ‘then'.
Zhi Hang used the Duplo to make an aeroplane. “These are the wings that make the plane fly and this is the seat and this is me sitting in the seat. I went to the airport to go to China and then I went to Chinatown and had food. I used a big spoon to eat”. When I asked him if he went on holiday or to visit family, he said “I can’t remember. It was a long time ago”.
Talking about past and present events in their own lives and in those of other members of the family or friends
Rocky was sat next to me whilst I was looking on the iPad. He saw small pictures of flags. “Which is the flag for China? I am Chinese and been to there on a plane”. I suggested that we look on the internet together and he typed in the word China and we found it. “It’s all red with yellow stars. I like it” he said.
Our Local Area
Today, we went outside to look at the changes that are happening in our local area (around school). We went into the infant and junior yard to explore what was happening. We noticed that the road has been closed, there are danger signs on fences, that there were lots of diggers at work and that when we were watching the floor shook a little.
After noticing the change, we decided to draw maps of our local area showing the changes that are happening and to also help the builders by designing different types of houses for them to build. We thought about the size and the shape of the buildings we were designing. Some were tall, some small, some with lots of windows and some that were similar to our own houses.
EYFS statement for Geography
Geography helps children to make sense of their world. Very young children are naturally curious, and they love to actively explore the world around them, noticing all kinds of detail. That’s why they need to develop geographical vocabulary like the names of places, people and things, and the words needed to describe and locate them.
It helps to think of children as little geographers – they each have their own world of private geographies - the places they name for themselves with meanings that only they understand: the dens where they hide out with their friends, special meeting places in the school playground. Whether they’re playing in the classroom, or splashing through a muddy puddle on the way to school, children are intrepid explorers making new (to them) discoveries about the world every single day.
It’s not just home territory and their local area that interests children: they are fascinated by the wider world and collect all sorts of ideas about places near and far through things like stories, news, holidays, television and the Internet. Some of their ideas might be quite accurate and some less so – and talking to children about what they’ve seen and heard, and how true it is, is really valuable. We encourage them to think up good questions too – geography is all about enquiry.
Most people associate geography with maps and globes, and even very young children of three and four enjoy drawing pretend maps, or using simple maps. This is the start of them developing spatial awareness, and is a skill they’ll hone throughout their lives.
Let’s find out about Chinese New Year
Sophia was very excited to tell us that she had being using her iPad at home and she had learnt some interesting facts. She told us that cows have three stomachs, an octopus has three hearts and that monkeys have no stomachs and gorillas beat their chests for attention. The children were amazed with Sophia’s interesting facts that they wanted to find out their own.
As it is Chinese New Year, we decided as a class that we would find out some interesting facts about pigs and how people celebrate Chinese New Year.
With it also being Online Safety Week, we discussed the importance of keeping safe when using different technologies. Talking to the children about online safety is essential because many of them will be using a wide range of technologies in their home environments, even before they start school. Technology is becoming an integral part of children’s lives; it entertains them, engages them and motivates them.